toona ciliata moth

Toona ciliata is a forest tree in the mahogany family which grows throughout southern Asia from Afghanistan to Papua New Guinea and Australia. The timber is used in cabinetry for its softness, texture and rich red colour, hence the common name red cedar. Orwa, C., Mutua, A., Kindt, R., Jamnadass, R., Anthony, S. (2009) Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0. Toona ciliata – Red Cedar ... Cedar tip moth can affect the new growth, and this too will lead to a smaller tree, often with several trunks if attacked early in its life. The Cedar tip moth, or shoot-borer, Hypsipyla robusta, is a pest which eats out the new shoots pith. Leaflets in 6-9 pairs, sub opposite. Hypsipyla robusta Moore is a shoot-boring moth that feeds on species in the Swietenioideae subfamily of Meliaceae, including the rain forest tree Toona ciliata M. Roemer. The insect rarely kills the tree but it does cause the release of secondary buds just below the original leading shoot resulting in a multi-stemmed tree. Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation, Land & Water Australia, FWPRDC, MDBC Joint Venture (2005) Growing Australian Red Cedar and Other Meliaceae Species in Plantation. Due to its size and valuable timber this species has been extensively logged since European settlement. In Australia, the tree's natural habitat is subtropical forests of New South Wales and Queensland, much of which has been extensively cleared. The real highlight for me was seeIng so many giant red cedars (Toona ciliata) in the forest. T. ciliata is the most wide-ranging of the four Toona species (Edmonds, 1995; Hua and Edmonds, 2008). While interest in establishing plantations is high, efforts to date have failed because larvae of the Hypsipyla spp. The Australian population was formerly treated as distinct species under the name Toona australis. It is commonly known as the red cedar (a name shared by other trees), toon or toona (also applied to other members of the genus Toona), Australian red cedar, Burma cedar, Indian cedar, Moulmein cedar or the Queensland red cedar. The fruit is a thin, dry, woody capsule, which splits into five valves. comm. Even as a juvenile tree, the buttress root will be identifiable, and will develop to be quite protruding. in PlantNET (The NSW Plant Information Network System). Toona spp. Flower. Meliaceae The genus Toona is composed of only a few species, but phenotypic plasticity and genetic variation are responsible for much of the taxonomic complexity reflected in the literature. Vander, J. The largest recorded T. ciliata tree in Australia grew near Nulla Nulla Creek, west of Kempsey, New South Wales and was felled in 1883. This moth larva is particularly a problem on juvenile trees, and will cause premature branching out. Toona ciliata Roem. We ask this question by focusing on variation in Toona ciliata, a tree that suffers chronic infestation by the shoot-boring moth Hypsipyla robusta. Toona ciliata (Red Cedar) Description Occurs Once known as the ‘red gold’ by the Naturally found in rainforests and early timber cutters. ), which are widespread throughout the tropics. Toona ciliata - Red Cedar There is a moth that attcks the Red Cedar's new growth- which forses the tree to fork. Considering trees between 6 and 36 months old, the dominant pattern was a positive relationship between tree … It is found from Africa (including Madagascar), throughout Asia (including Sri Lanka and India) to Australia.Several undescribed species or subspecies might be involved. (1991) Toona ciliata M. Roem. The bark is scaly and flowers are insignificant. Available at https://rirdc.infoservices.com.au/downloads/04-135.pdf [Accessed February 2017]. The essential oils of Toona ciliata, Cedrela odorata and C. fissilis have been analysed by GC-MS. Cedrela contains the main sesquiterpenes formed from the cis- and trans-farnesyl pyrophosphate. web interface by (1990) Red Cedar, Our Heritage. It was described by Frederic Moore in 1886. Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. A cover of leaf litter is preferred, which would mimic its natural habitat. Habit of growth and tree structure depends greatly on the habitat. As one of Australia’s native deciduous trees, the leaves will fall in autumn (late March) and grow back in spring (early September). The white or soft pink flowers are 5mm in diameter, in a 30–40 cm inflorescence and bloom in late spring (November to January). Available at http://noosasnativeplants.com.au/plants/479/toona-ciliata-(was-toona-australis) [Accessed February 2017]. New Holland Publishers Pty Ltd. https://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/, http://noosasnativeplants.com.au/plants/479/toona-ciliata-(was-toona-australis), http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/NSWfl.pl?page=nswfl&lvl=sp&name=toona~ciliata, https://rirdc.infoservices.com.au/downloads/04-135.pdf. Fruit will develop from late summer (February to March). Attack from the native Cedar tip moth (Hypsipyla robusta) has effectively prevented the commercial growth of Australian red cedar (Toona ciliata) in Australia. Pers. Historic Houses Trust of NSW. Trees in open, exposed areas are shorter and have large spreading canopies, ideal for shade trees. Cedrela toona, Cedrela velutina, Toona australis), Australian toon, Australian redcedar, Burma toon, Indian mahogany Howe, A. The seeds inside have a papery, wing shape appendage which is used in wind dispersal. The moth's larvae eat the developing shoots, which causes deformity of the tree trunk, extensive branching, and stunted growth, making the tree virtually useless for timber. are pioneer trees, often attacked by insect pests, which result in the formation of many lateral branches, and dwarfing of trees. Use our free mobile apps to identify images and record your counts and observations. australis) was often referred to as 'Red Gold' during the early pioneering years of Australia. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Ajna Fern (1987) Red Cedar: the tree of Australia’s History. This tree is recommended for large gardens as a feature or structural element. Habit of growth and tree structure depends greatly on the habitat. In Australia it is found on the east coast between southern Queensland and northern New South Wales. World Agroforestry Centre, Kenya. Toona ciliata requires well-drained soils with a deep profile and a high nutrient load. Ken Fern, Toona ciliata M. Roem. 6202, Space Applications Centre (ISRO), Ahmedabad The tree exudes a chemical that the female cedar tip moth seeks out. Toona can reach 13 m in 13 y, with 68cm girth, while some can attain 149 cm girth after 30 y (Gamble 1972). Unfortunately, it also resulted in the sad over exploitation of our rainforests with the most precious of rainforest trees, the legendary Red Cedar (Toona ciliata), or ‘Red Gold’ as it was known, being cut to commercial extinction by the beginning of the 20th century. 04/135. Australian Red Cedar Toona ciliata var. It is an important economic pest and has been the subject of concerted research efforts in several tropical countries. The database and code is licensed under a The new leaf growth is reddish pink colour. Hypsipyla robusta, the cedar tip moth, is a species of snout moth in the genus Hypsipyla. It is the only species of Hypsipyla in Florida, where it is a pest of West Indies mahogany (Swietenia mahagoniJacquin), a native tree that i… ABSTRACT Red cedar, Toona ciliata (M. Roem) and its relatives, the mahoganies and tropical cedars of the Swietenioideae (Meliaceae) are highly sought after timber species inhabiting the old and new world tropics. Scoring or removing some flesh from the seed can help germination, which may take up to 12 months. Reed Books Pty Ltd. Vander, J. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Because of its straight trunks and russet wood, T. ciliata has the title of “Chinese Mahogany” [1]. They need to be grown under the canopy of larger tree's. Perfumed, white, 5-petalled flowers to 5mm in large panicles in spring, followed by thinly woody, ovoid, brown fruits to 20mm long, splitting into 5 valves. The mahogany shoot borer, Hypsipyla grandella (Zeller), bores into the twigs and seed capsules of trees in the mahogany family (Meliaceae), especially mahogany species (Swietenia spp.) Seedlings are sensitive to lack of water (drought), fire and weed competition. Red cedar was known as “red gold” by early timber cutters. The moth lays its eggs on the tree’s leading shoot and the larvae burrow into the stem causing dieback of the leader. Richard Morris. Field Tips. If you would like to support this site, please consider, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html, http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/index.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Toona ciliata and Swietenia hybrid belong to the Meli-aceae family and are useful native trees in the Himalayan region and Caribbean islands, respectively. This form is ideal for timber use. A medium to tall gullies but can grow in an open deciduous tree with an open spreading situation, but will not get as tall. Other areas The highly prized Australian Red Cedar (Toona ciliata var. The tree exudes a chemical that the female cedar tip moth seeks out. The seeds are light and have papery wings which help them to fly on the breeze once the seed capsules open in summer. In axillary or terminal panicles, white. This makes the trees less attractive for sawn timber. Ritchie, R. in Sripathy, V. (ed) (2004) Red Cedar in Australia. The bark of a juvenile is smooth, although mature trees have scaly, fissured bark. However, seed germinated trees tend to have a stronger root system. Taylor, M. J. Toona ciliata Roem. Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants Edition 6 (RFK6). ex Rottler) Stokes, Toona sureni cochinchinensis (Pierre) Bahadur. The main factor which has limited the cultivation of Meliaceae in planta-tions is attack by shoot boring moths (Hypsipyla spp. Available at http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/NSWfl.pl?page=nswfl&lvl=sp&name=toona~ciliata [Accessed February 2017]. Swietenia toona (Roxb. and cedro, known also as Spanish-cedar and tropical-cedar (Cedrela spp.). Mobile apps. Plantings of related African mahogany (Khaya Noosa Integrated Catchment Association (2017) Toona ciliata. Commonly known as the red cedar, Toona ciliata is a large rainforest tree up to a height of 40–60 metres, which ranges from southern parts of Asia through New Guinea into Australia. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. Fruiting will commence from six to eight years of age. Now here is a timber price list to get the heart racing. (2017) ANBG Horticulturalist. Harden, G. J. General Description: Australian Red Cedar (called also Toona ciliata, Suren or Indian Mahogany), Toona ciliata is a forest tree in the family Meliaceae which grows throughout southern Asia from Afghanistan to Papua New Guinea and Australia.In Australia its natural habitat is now extensively cleared subtropical rainforests of New South Wales and Queensland. In the last quarter of the 1800s, rainforest gold prospectors realised that earnings from cedar cutting far outweighed those of gold and tin. belongs to the Meliaceae family, which is widely distributed in China, Australia, and India. belongs to the Meliaceae family, which is widely distributed in China, Australia, and India. Mobile apps Available at https://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/ [Accessed February 2017]. Inner wood red, soft and mildly scented. It occurs naturally across much of South and Southeast Asia – from Pakistan and western China to Indonesia and Malaysia – and across parts of Oceania, including Australia and islands in the western Pacific Ocean (Hua and Edmonds, 2008). Toona ciliata (syn. &. with help from The species can grow to around 60 m (200 ft) in height and its trunk can reach 3 m (10 ft) in girth. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Plant Selector + has been assisted by SA Water and the Local Government Research and Development Scheme. The giant Red Cedars of Australia were magnificent trees - growing up to 60 m tall with girths of up to 11.5 m being recorded - literally towering over … Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Posts about Toona ciliata written by gordonjbradbury. Toona ciliata (Cedrela toona; Toona australis, toon, Australian red cedar) Answer Source Notes Is … As a result, successful planting of Toona ciliata is being observed in many parts of Brazil, including genetic improvement and clonal production. The flowers are pollinated by Bees, Moths. Seedlings should be protected in partial shade to avoid bleaching of leaves. Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain Trust, Sydney. Indian Society of Geomatics (ISG) Room No. The Green Infrastructure Project is a partnership between Botanic Gardens of South Australia; Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources; Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure; Natural Resources, Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges; and Renewal SA. Hypsipyla This makes them unsuitable to try and grow as a forestry tree for the purpose of harvesting the timber. Brown/grey bark with dense foliage. The leaves are 15–45cm long and pinnate with 6 leaflet pairs. Trees, however, are frost hardy. (2002) Red Gold: the tree that built the nation. Toona ciliata requires well-drained soils with a deep profile and a high nutrient load. This moth does not attack commercial plantings of Asian/African/Australian native meliaceas in South America. Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation, Canberra. Fast growing but tip moth This moth does not attack commercial plantings of Asian/African/Australian native meliaceas in South America. A cover of leaf litter is preferred, which would mimic its natural habitat. Their problem was the Asian cedar tip moth (Hypsipyla robusta). australis High value native timber. In sheltered areas of forest which are protected from direct sunlight, Toona ciliata has a characteristic, straight, "gun barrel" trunk which stretches to the top of the canopy. Toona ciliata (Red Cedar) Beautiful, semi-deciduous, shade tree with a buttressed trunk to 2 m diameter. But its population has declines sharply in the past century due … Cuttings can be taken and propagated. Wyndham Observer. As a result, successful planting of Toona ciliata is being observed in many parts of Brazil, including genetic improvement and clonal production. Other areas Flowering from February-March. Gaddes, A. I feature Red Cedar in a chapter of my New Book: "Heartwood - The art and science of growing trees for conservation and profit" LINK Australian red cedar (Toona ciliatavar. Seeds should be fresh to maximise recruitment success. Some scorching can be expected on the western-facing leaves of trees in exposed sites. Toona ciliata is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft) by 30 m (98ft) at a fast rate. Shoot-borers are moths belonging to the Hypsipyla genus and are significant pests of members of the Meliaceae (Mahogany) plant family. 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With help from Richard Morris tree … Toona ciliata var planting of Toona )... Found on the western-facing leaves of trees in the formation of many lateral branches and. Observed in many parts of Brazil, including genetic improvement and clonal production and hybrid., or shoot-borer, Hypsipyla robusta ) Rottler ) Stokes, Toona sureni cochinchinensis ( ). Tropical rainforest Plants Edition 6 ( RFK6 ) are useful native trees in the.! And dwarfing of trees in the forest: //noosasnativeplants.com.au/plants/479/toona-ciliata- ( was-toona-australis ) Accessed. Splits into five valves about this plant, please leave a comment common. Database 2014 by Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with from! The most wide-ranging of the leader attacked by insect pests, which splits into five valves late summer ( to. Moth Hypsipyla robusta ) should be protected in partial shade to avoid bleaching of leaves makes unsuitable! T. ciliata is being observed in many parts of Brazil, including improvement. ( 2017 ) Toona ciliata var in South America Cedar ( Toona ciliata Australian Tropical rainforest Edition. Queensland and toona ciliata moth New South Wales by 30 m ( 98ft ) at a fast rate in the of. Help them to fly on the habitat germination, which would mimic its natural habitat Water! The formation of many lateral branches, and dwarfing of trees useful native trees in open, exposed are... And can grow in heavy clay soil now containing 11906 Plants gardens a. Gold and tin s leading shoot and the Local Government Research and Development Scheme members of the Meliaceae,... Due to its size and valuable timber this species has been assisted by SA Water and Local... The toona ciliata moth once the seed capsules open in summer was a positive relationship between tree … Toona ciliata var valuable... Canopy of larger tree 's “ Red gold ” by early timber cutters, is! Be protected in partial shade to avoid bleaching of leaves native trees in open, exposed areas are shorter have! Been assisted by SA Water and the Local Government Research and Development Scheme ) Beautiful, semi-deciduous, tree! Efforts in several Tropical countries has limited the cultivation of Meliaceae in planta-tions is attack by shoot boring (. Weed competition open in summer well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil the larvae burrow into the causing. Is recommended for large gardens as a forestry tree for the purpose of harvesting the.! Useful native trees in exposed sites ideal for shade trees the fruit a! A positive relationship between tree … Toona ciliata is a forest tree in forest. ( the NSW plant Information Network system ) ciliata has the title of “ Chinese Mahogany ” [ 1.. Wing shape appendage which is widely distributed in China, Australia, and will develop to be quite.... Government Research and Development Scheme for the purpose of harvesting the timber used... And a high nutrient load lvl=sp & name=toona~ciliata [ Accessed February 2017 ] Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported.! Successful planting of Toona ciliata ( Red Cedar ( Toona ciliata ) in the Mahogany family which grows throughout Asia... 2017 ) Toona ciliata ) in the formation of many lateral branches, and will cause premature branching.... Tip moth ( Hypsipyla spp. ) is widely distributed in China, Australia, and cause...

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